David A. Hart, AICP
[Research Interests] -
[Research Projects] -
- Application of geospatial technologies in coastal management, urban and regional planning, and environmental assessment
- Development of methods for discovering, acquiring, and integrating distributed geospatial data to support regional-scale analyses
- Spatial decision support tools for adaptive management
- Geospatial interoperability
- Virtual globes and environmental education
- Analysis of institutional issues associated with implementation and use of geographic and land information systems (GIS/LIS)
- Analysis of public policies concerning access to digital spatial data, data sharing, cost recovery, and privacy
Wisconsin Coastal Atlas
The Wisconsin Coastal Atlas is a new initiative to provide access to maps, data, and tools to support decision-making about the Great Lakes. Design of the Wisconsin Coastal Atlas is based on concepts from the successful Oregon Coastal Atlas, refined through interaction with Wisconsin coastal science and management communities.
Spatial Narratives of the St. Louis River Estuary
This collaborative project involves organization of scientific and geospatial information for the new National Estuarine Research Reserve in the St. Louis River estuary. It involves Minnesota and Wisconsin researchers and includes a digital archive for the scientific studies in the estuary and watershed, research on anthropogenic stressors in the St. Louis River watershed, creation of a “deep map” that provides a natural and cultural narrative for the estuary, and innovative place-based games to engage students and citizens in the NERR.
Great Lakes Observing System - Outreach and Education
Wisconsin Sea Grant assists in supporting the outreach and educational missions of the Great Lakes Observing System.
Climate Adaptation for Coastal Communities
This research visualizes shoreline and water level change for three Great Lakes harbors based on updated climate change and lake level scenarios.
Spatial Analysis of the Corrosion of Sheet Metal Structures in the Duluth/Superior Harbor
This research utilizes GIS to explore the patterns of corrosion of steel structures in the Duluth/Superior harbor.
Fox/Wolf Hydrologic Dashboard
Wisconsin Coastal GIS Applications Project
The hydrologic dashboard links web mapping and data visualization to explore the pattern of past rainstorm events in the Fox-Wolf River watershed in northeastern Wisconsin.
The Wisconsin Coastal GIS Applications Project was a cooperative venture of the University of Wisconsin Sea Grant Institute and the Land Information and Computer Graphics Facility at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that ran from 1994 to 2009. The primary goal of the project was to teach the application of GIS/LIS and related spatial technologies to local government staff and officials to aid them in moving towards the sustainable management of Great Lakes coastal resources.
Wisconsin Coastal Guide
The Wisconsin Coastal Guide is an interactive web mapping site that promotes the cultural and natural attractions along Great Lakes coasts of Wisconsin. For tourists, the site shows where to pull off the state and federal highways of the Great Lakes Circle Tour to explore coastal parks and beaches, lighthouses, shipwrecks and other attractions. The site was built with funding from the Wisconsin Coastal Management Program.
Developing a Dynamic and Distributed GIS to Support Coastal Management Along the Lake Superior Coast of Wisconsin
The Lake Superior Coastal Mapping Portal promoted the development of a 'dynamic and distributed GIS' to support integrated coastal management along the Lake Superior coast of Wisconsin. Funding was provided by the NOAA Coastal Services Center.
Visualizing Coastal Processes
Acquisition, and Integration of Large-Scale Digital Mapping for the Wisconsin Lake Michigan
Shoreline in Support of the Lake Michigan Potential Damages Study
Information collected about coastal processes is often very technical in nature and difficult for coastal landowners to understand. This project integrates animation, aerial photography, pictures, charts, and text to help the public better understand: (1) the natural process of coastal erosion; (2) how local land development decisions impact coastal erosion; and (3) the case for scientifically-based coastal development setbacks. It examines coastal processes for a location just south of Concordia University in Ozaukee County, Wisconsin. Funding was provided by UW Sea Grant and the Institute for the Application of Geospatial Technologies.
This research project, sponsored by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Detroit District integrated large-scale, local government spatial data to support
analysis of the potential damages caused by storms in conjunction with high water levels in
Lake Michigan. The digital spatial data included: parcels, planimetric features,
topography, digital orthophotos, land use, land cover, and soils. The location of the study
covered a 1000-meter zone inland from the Lake Michigan shore in Wisconsin. In addition to the
primary role of supporting the Lake Michigan Potential Damages Study, the research also served
as an early test of the ability of the Wisconsin Land Information Program to support
collaborative regional efforts.
GIS Training for DNR Water Management Specialists in Support of the Wisconsin Waters Initiative
Status, Progress, and Benefits of the Wisconsin Land Information Program
The primary goal of this project was training of Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources (DNR) water management specialists on the use
of geographic information systems (GIS) in their day-to-day activities. This activity
supported the Wisconsin Waters Initiative, a program to integrate state and local water protection
programs and make site-specific information readily available for state and local regulatory
staff, property owners, and developers.
The engine that drives the modernization of land records in Wisconsin is the Wisconsin Land Information Program (WLIP). The Land Information and Computer Graphics Facility at the University of Wisconsin-Madison cooperated with the Wisconsin Land Information Board to collect information on the status, progress, and benefits of the Wisconsin Land Information Program. This included development of the first web-based system for collecting information on the modernization of land records at the county level.
Land-Based Classification Standards
This project involved working with the American Planning Association to develop a paper
and web site presenting a formal documentation method for databases that contain land-use
information classified by Land-Based Classification Standards (LBCS).
Land-Based Classification Standards (LBCS) provide a consistent model for classifying
land uses based on their characteristics. The model extends the notion of classifying
land uses by refining traditional categories into multiple dimensions, such as activities,
functions, building types, site development character, and ownership constraints.
Each dimension has its own set of categories and subcategories for classifying land uses.
By classifying every land-use across multiple dimensions, users can have precise control of
Metadata Education and Research Project
The National States Geographic Information Council (NSGIC) was awarded a 1995
Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Competitive Grant to
implement its proposal titled An Educational and Research Program in Support of
Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata. The NSGIC metadata research and education project
consisted of three phases. The first tested the FGDC metadata standard on a wide range
of state, local, tribal and federal information as part of a cooperative effort of
nine member states. The second involved the preparation of a practical explanation of
the metadata standard for state and local governments. The third phase was a
distance education program.
Lake Superior Binational Program--Urban Stormwater Project
This project examined the use of GIS to facilitate stormwater planning and management in 14 communities with a population of greater than 5,000 in the U.S. portion of the Lake Superior basin.
New Orleans Subsidence
- Geographic Data Acquisition and Automation-Techniques and Results
(Executive Summary from Project Report)
- Design and Development of a Geographic Information System to
Support a Stormwater Utility in Marquette, Michigan
- Digital Land Use and Watershed Data for the Duluth, Minnesota Region and Integration
of Land Use and Water Quality Data for the Miller Creek Watershed in Duluth, Minnesota
This research utilizes GIS to explore patterns of land subsidence in the New Orleans
region through correlation of environmental variables with observed benchmark heights.
- Burkett, V., D. Zilkoski, and D. Hart. 2003. “Sea-Level Rise and Subsidence: Implications for Flooding in New Orleans” U.S. Geological Survey Subsidence Interest Group Conference, Proceedings for the Technical Meeting. November 27-29, 2001, Galveston Island, Texas. USGS Water Resources Division, Open File Report Series. pp. 63-70.
- Hart, D., and D. Zilkoski. 1994. “Mapping a Moving Target: The Use of GIS to Support Development of a Subsidence Model in the New Orleans Region” URISA 1994 Annual Conference Proceedings. Vol. 1, pp. 555-569.
Teaching with Google Earth and Google Ocean
(Summer 2010 - ENR 690 - Ohio State University, Stone Lab, co-taught with Dr. Rosanne Fortner)
Virtual globes such as Google Earth and ArcGIS Explorer are intuitive and effective tools for learning about the environment. This course provided eight teachers from five states with the concepts and methods needed to apply virtual globes in environmental education. During their week at Stone Lab on Lake Erie in Ohio, teachers developed lesson plans and virtual globe applications on topics including invasive species, climate change, and earth science.
Contemporary Topics in Urban and Regional Planning: Mapping Mashups
(Spring 2009 - URPL 590 - University of Wisconsin-Madison, Department of Urban and Regional Planning, co-taught with A.J. Wortley)
Creation of geospatial data is accelerating at a rapid pace. Increasingly, these geospatial data are being made accessible on-line as web services. Innovative organizations have begun to integrate these web services and develop web mapping applications that can be used for a variety of purposes. An example is Walk Score that lets the user calculate the “walkability” of their neighborhood along with a listing of the closest business in a variety of categories. Recently, software has been developed that lets people without extensive computer programming skills develop mapping applications that pull data from multiple distributed sources. These applications are referred to as “mapping mashups.” This course nurtured an understanding of the mashup phenomenon and provided “hands-on” experience on the use of Google Maps, Google Earth, and selected open source tools to develop web mapping applications.
Contemporary Topics in Urban and Regional Planning: Planning Support Systems
(Spring 2009 - URPL 590 - University of Wisconsin-Madison, Department of Urban and Regional Planning)
Planning Support Systems (PSS) are designed to analyze and compare the impacts of alternative land use scenarios. PSS software is growing in sophistication. Research by Professor Asligül Göçmen indicates that while the use of GIS in Wisconsin planning agencies is extensive, there is little use of PSS at the local government level. This workshop utilized prominent PSS software and Wisconsin GIS data to analyze alternative land use scenarios. Students explored the evolution of planning support systems and the application of INDEX PlanBuilder and CommunityViz software.
Great Lakes Curriculum Development and Evaluation
(Summer 2008 - ENR 690 - Ohio State University, Stone Lab, co-taught with with Dr. Rosanne Fortner)
Virtual globes such as Google Earth are intuitive and effective tools for learning about the environment. This course provided five teachers from two states with the concepts and methods needed to apply virtual globes in environmental education. During their week at Stone Lab on Lake Erie in Ohio, teachers developed virtual globe applications on topics including climate change, aquatic habitat, and water quality.
Applied GIS Workshop: Land Use Inventory and Analysis
(Spring 2007 - URPL 969 - University of Wisconsin-Madison, Department of Urban and Regional Planning)
This intermediate-level course focused on the application of geographic information systems in the practice of urban and regional planning. Students learned about cutting-edge land classification and field inventory methods,
as well as GIS functionality for working with parcel maps and tax assessment data. The central component was a class project covering the collection,
formatting, analysis, and presentation of land use data for a neighborhood in a Great Lakes coastal community utilizing the
Land-Based Classification Standards developed by the American Planning Association. Planning issues addressed include the preservation
of “working waterfronts” and smart growth concepts associated with the transformation of an obsolete industrial corridor into a
vibrant employment center that mixes residential, commercial, and industrial uses.
Applied GIS Workshop: Rethinking New Orleans After Hurricane Katrina
(Spring 2006 - URPL 969 - University of Wisconsin-Madison, Department of Urban and Regional Planning)
This GIS course allowed students to use GIS to offer ideas and recommendations on how to rebuild New Orleans.
It provided an opportunity to learn about the environmental setting and culture of New Orleans;
review the literature on coastal hazards, disaster recovery, sustainable development, and public participation GIS;
acquire and integrate spatial data; conduct sophisticated GIS analyses;
and communicate ideas in a forum that will help guide decision-makers as they shape the city’s future.
Applications of GIS in Urban and Regional Planning
(Spring 2005 - URPL 969 - University of Wisconsin-Madison, Department of Urban and Regional Planning)
This introductory GIS course focused on the application of geographic information systems in the practice of urban and regional planning.
Topics covered included data models and structures, coordinate systems and projections, thematic mapping, spatial analysis,
acquisition and integration of spatial data from various sources, interoperable web mapping services, spatial data policy issues,
and GIS application development. The central component was a class project covering the collection, formatting, analysis,
and presentation of land use data for a Madison neighborhood utilizing the Land-Based Classification Standards
developed by the American Planning Association.
- Geodata Catalog, data.gov
- Geospatial One Stop
- Digital Coast, NOAA
- Coastal Geospatial Data Project, NOAA
- Seemless Data Warehouse, USGS
- Earth Explorer, USGS
- Global Visualization Viewer, USGS
- Geographic Data Download, USGS
- National Elevation Dataset, USGS
- EarthNow! Landsat Image Viewer, USGS
- Land Processes Distributed Active Archive Center , USGS
- National Atlas of the United States, USGS
- Geospatial Data Gateway, USDA, NRCS
- Global Change Master Directory, NASA
- Geospatial Data Access Project, EPA
- Starting the Hunt: Guide to US Geospatial Data, Stephan Pollard
- GIS Data Depot
- Data Access Tools, U.S. Census Bureau
- CEOCat, Natural Resources Canada
Great Lakes Maps and GIS
Coastal Maps and GIS
Urban and Regional Planning
Planning Support Systems
- CommunityViz, Placeways, LLC, Boulder, Colorado (tutorials and forum for CommunityViz 3.3)
- INDEX, Criterion Planners, Portland, Oregon (tutorials for Index PlanBuilder 9.3)
- Place Matters
A database of resources for communities to identify tools and processes for better community design and decision making.
- Urban Insight
Urban Insight is a consulting firm based in Los Angeles that utilizes emerging technologies to influence how urban areas are planned, developed and managed. The Virtual Library includes articles and presentations on cutting edge planning support tools.
- Ecosystem-Based Management Tools
The EBM Tools Network is an alliance of users, providers, and researchers of EBM tools, including PSS. The tools focus on marine and coastal environments and their associated watersheds.
- What If?, Richard Klosterman, University of Akron
- UrbanSim, Paul Waddell, University of Washington
- MetroQuest, Vancouver, BC
Last modified: February 22, 2012